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government grants to push the cutting edge of energy technology. agency of Energy’s twoyearold ARPAE (Advanced research projects AgencyEnergy) scheme, a feat to inject support into “Highrisk, Highpayoff” preliminary research on energy. ARPAE is modeled after DARPA, The Pentagon’s longrunning program to fit innovative military systems research, Which is credited with the advances in computing networking that paved the way for the internet. Energy assistant Steven Chu, long before he took office, Was among a vanguard of scientists who urged a similar concerted research program to spur advances in energy scientific knowledge. Seed Money and Plant Fuel Each of the 60 new grantees is receiving an average of $2 million to $3 million, Although a few biofuels grants are for upwards of $5.5 million. But the point of the federal funds and vote of confidence is to spur more private investment in the needed research. ARPAE Director Arun Majumdar said in a call with reporters that 11 previous projects that received $40 million in ARPAE grants have since secured as much as $200 million in private commodity. (useful: “Google’s solar energy Gambit”) the actual nfl jerseys cheap biofuel grantees in the new funding round was the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center in St. Louis, Missouri. It stumbled about $5.52 million to genetically engineer varying the crop camelina that would produce more oil per acre for fuel. (useful: “First Green Supersonic Jet Launches on the globe Day” and simply “As Jet Fuel expenditures Soar, a green Option Nears the Runway”) A Chicagobased company called Chromatin got nearly $5.77 million to lead efforts to engineer sugarrich sweet sorghum so that the plants will produce more farsenene, Which can be converted into a type of diesel fuel. And the University of Florida scored very large grant, for nearly $6.37 million, For research efforts directed at pine trees, Which clearly produce the liquid biofuel turpentine. With sustenance from ARPAE, the study hope to develop pine trees that can produce and store vastly more turpentine, To the stage where less than 25,000 miles cheap nfl jerseys sonline (10,117 hectares) Of forest could allow turpentine for 100 million gallons (378 million liters) Of fuel each year. universities and colleges will lead half of the projects in this latest round, While organizations will head up nearly a quarter. country wide labs, Nonprofits, And large businesses and organizations like General Electric will lead the rest. a total of $31.6 million will go toward projects focused on earlystage development of options to rare earth elements, Which are used in many of hightech products, including computers, military services gear, wind generators, And hybrid car electric battery. As much as 90 percent of the earth’s supply of these metals currently comes from China. And although mines in California and Australia are expected to begin producing rare earths within future years, And geologists have identified large deposits of the weather in southern Afghanistan, China’s recent moves to limit exports of the metals has created a sense of urgency around the kind of projects being backed by ARPAEa manganesebased replacement rare earth magnets used in wind turbines and electric vehicles, as an example cheap jerseys . brandnames, The agency said in an announcement issued Thursday. seeking Storage The largest portion of new funds ($37.3 million) Announced will go toward wholesome lowcost thermal storage. you, Using heat to get electricity or mechanical power is hardly new: Cogeneration, Or put together heat and power, Systems accounted in 2008 for over fifty percent of total national power production in Denmark, Nearly 40 percent in Finland and more than 30 percent in Russiacompared to only 9 percent in the usa, in a report from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. (pdf file) (concerned: “Upgrading the electrical Grid With Flywheels and Air” coupled with “Tapping Into the electrical power of Heat”) But the ARPAE projects should take leaps in the realm of storage and transfer of heat for solar power, atomic energy, And electric motor vehicles wholesale jerseys . A team led by the or perhaps of Utah, as an example, Will pay attention to a “hot and cold battery” that many, If rewarding, Would provide climate control for electric vehicles without draining the power. And a project led by the University of South Florida would cut thermal energy storage system costs by as much as 75 percent if it succeeds in developing a new kind of socalled “Phasechange” resources to transfer heat. These materials use the energy transfer that occurs when a material changes phases, As when ice corrections from solid to liquid. (associated with “shots: Solar Decathlon Students Race to renew Home Energy”) the actual NAVITASMAX of Chandler, california, Will are shown an $800,000 grant for a oneyear proofofconcept program aimed at creating fluids with extremely high heat capacity to provide lowcost storage of energy at centering wholesale jerseys solar or nuclear power plants. Halotechnics, including Emeryville, the state of california, is receiving $3.3 million for its research into low meltingpoint molten glass as a power storage medium. Abengoa solar power, the particular Lakewood, Coloradobased scale of Spanish company Abengoa, accepted $3.6 million to formulate a highefficiency solarelectric conversion tower. coupled with new thermal energy storage, It aims to reduce the cost of centering solar power systems by 30 percent. The latest grants come at a time of hesitation for ARPAE. Although the president has requested an expanded $505 million budget for the program in the 2012 fiscal year, Thursday’s awards mark the end of funds appropriated to the deal by Congress for the 2011 fiscal year. While budget knives are out in some quarters of Capitol Hill for energy programs in the wake of federally guaranteed solar innovator Solyndra’s bankruptcy, Others say routines like ARPAE are woefully underfunded. taxpayer funding commitment needed in clean energy research. In his conference call cheap nfl jerseys sonline with reporters, Majumdar well known a “Tough budget conditions, But he extra, “I’m confident that Congress will look at the value of the offer and support it,
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